Cloisonné craftsmanship, also known as "enamel" craftsmanship, is an ancient decorative art and handicraft technique that originated in China. This craft has been popular in various cultures, but the earliest known examples of cloisonné date back to the Yuan Dynasty in China (13th century).
The defining feature of this technique is the use of copper or metal wires to outline patterns, followed by filling different colored enamel powders within the enclosed areas created by these wires. The piece is then fired at high temperatures, causing the enamel powders to melt into a durable and glossy surface.
The final products of cloisonné craftsmanship typically feature vibrant colors, intricate patterns, and a high level of decoration. This craft has been highly esteemed throughout Chinese history and has produced many imperial and religious artifacts, such as vases, tea ware, censers, utensils, and sculptures.
Today, cloisonné craftsmanship remains a beloved art form and is still used to create art and decorative items around the world.